Self-harm is intentionally harming one’s own body. It could include cutting, burning, or hitting one’s self. It’s often a way of releasing emotional pain. People can experience other mental health concerns alongside self-harm, including depression, anxiety, or trauma.
Counseling interventions for self-harm include cognitive and behavioral interventions and discovering or processing past trauma. Sometimes, if a person understands the causes of their emotional pain, it can reduce the behavior.
Behavioral interventions include replacing the harmful behavior with healthier ones, like snapping a rubber band on the wrist when someone has the urge to self-harm.
Cognitive interventions include examining thought processes that a person has when they feel the urge to self-harm.
Family therapy, group therapy, or inpatient rehabilitation can also be helpful for self-harm.