Transference-Focused Therapy helps treat personality disorders such as Borderline Personality Disorder. TFP focuses on the relationships and interactions between client and counselor, which it posits can improve outside relationships.
Transference is when clients transfer their feelings about a significant relationship to their relationship with their counselor. Transference can result from harmful or abusive relationships in childhood or relationships with primary caregivers. If your therapist can see the dynamics you employ in other important relationships, they can focus on helping you change negative patterns of relating to others.
Individuals diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder often have trouble relating to others. In TFP, your counselor will examine these patterns, make you aware of them, and help you change them. Your therapist will help you explore the emotions that arise as you relate to others, how you cope with these emotions, and how this impacts your sense of self.
While counselors initially used TFP for just Borderline Personality Disorder, people with various mental health concerns might benefit from this approach. Those who have troubles in interpersonal relationships, regulating or coping with difficult emotions, or dealing with anxiety or depression could benefit from Transference-Focused Therapy.