Melancholia refers to Major Depressive Disorder. Melancholia is a feature of depression, characterized by a dark, heavy mood, loss of appetite, guilt, despair, and sleep loss. It can be particularly debilitating and can cause impaired function when combined with other characteristics of depression.
Available Treatment Options
Counseling interventions for depression and melancholia include examining symptoms and thought processes related to those symptoms.
If a person is dealing with despair, a therapist might sit with them and inquire when the despair seems to peak. From there, they can work together to identify unhelpful thought patterns and bring into view more balanced self-talk. Building self-esteem, medication, and group therapy are other counseling interventions commonly used for depression and melancholia.