Cognitive impairment involves an issue within a person’s thought processes. This concern could include forgetfulness, distractibility, loss of memory, issues with speech or motor skills, or other cognitive problems. Aging, brain injuries, exposure to toxins, or developmental and neurological conditions may cause the impairment.
Therapist interventions vary based on the cause of the impairment. For brain injuries, speech and language therapy combined with motor skills practice may increase mental acuity. Therapists may also engage in puzzles, games, memory exercises, or more traditional talk therapy to assist individuals in recovering from cognitive impairment.